A regiment of Swiss Guards had operated as part of the personal guard of the French monarch (alongside a regiment of French Guards) since the early seventeenth century. Unlike their French counterparts, who were disbanded after their participation in the storming of the Bastille, the Swiss Guards remained in the service of Louis XVI until he was deposed on 10 August 1792. Hundreds were killed while unsuccessfully defending the Tuileries palace from the Revolutionary crowd that day.
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