Count d' Artois
The count d'Artois was the youngest brother of Louis XVI. A conservative figure, he emigrated three days after the fall of the Bastille. He became the figurehead of the émigré movement and was heavily involved in efforts to organise a Counter-Revolutionary military response from beyond France's borders. He went on to be crowned Charles X in 1824. He was forced to abdicate as a result of the July Revolution of 1830.
Appears in these Letters:
3 October: Life as an Émigré. Part 1
The duchess recounts her departure from France for Tournai in the Austrian Netherlands, which had become a rallying post for the expanding French...
Portrait by François Gérard,