Count de Provence

Birth: 1755

Death: 1824

The count de Provence—known as 'Monsieur'—was the elder of king Louis XVI's two younger brothers. He remained at court during the early Revolutionary period before successfully emigrating to the Austrian Netherlands as part of the royal family's escape plan in June 1791 (the king's own efforts to escape the capital failed when he was stopped at Varennes). He was crowned Louis XVIII in 1814, after the first defeat of the Emperor Napoleon.

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1791

3 October: Life as an Émigré. Part 1

The duchess recounts her departure from France for Tournai in the Austrian Netherlands, which had become a rallying post for the expanding French...