Louis-Charles became the dauphin (i.e. next in line to the French throne) on the death of his elder brother Louis-Joseph on 4 June 1789. Along with his father, Louis XVI, mother, Marie-Antoinette, and older sister, Marie-Thérèse he was held captive in the capital's Temple prison after the overthrow of the monarchy in August 1792. Louis-Charles remained there after both his parents were sent to the guillotine by the Revolutionary authorities in 1793, until he himself died of natural causes in 1795. Royalists declared him Louis XVI after his father's execution, but France's National Convention had declared the country as a Republic back in September 1792.
Appears in these Letters:
14 October: A King Imprisoned? The October Days
On 5-6 October 1789, a Parisian crowd led by thousands of women marched out to demonstrate at Versailles and forced the royal family to relocate to...
Here the duchess sifts through the wreckage of the royal family's thwarted attempt to escape Paris in June 1791. Before leaving on what would become...
Portrait by Alexander Kucharsky, 1792